Jack Hawke, a mainstay of Republican Party politics in North Carolina during the past five decades, passed away on Monday at the age of 72. Since he first entered politics in the late 1960s, Hawke played an instrumental role in shifting North Carolina from one-party rule to a competitive, two-party state. In addition to running for Congress, heading up congressional and gubernatorial campaigns for other candidates, and serving as N.C. Republican Party Chairman, Hawke was the first executive director of the John William Pope Civitas Institute. Art Pope, Chairman and President of the John William Pope Foundation, recalled Hawke's optimistic outlook on life, as reported by The News & Observer: Hawke’s style was always the happy warrior. He was a natural extrovert with a ready smile, a sunny disposition and a quip. His trademark expression: “Fan-tastic.” “He was always so positive and enthusiastic, even in the face of adversity, in bad results as well as good results,” Pope said. “He was knowledgeable. He was able to present advice, even when it was not appreciated, in a positive fashion. He can tell the bad news along with the good news.” Even when he delivered bad news, Pope said, Hawke always had a plan of action. Francis De Luca, current President of the Civitas Institute, commemorated Hawke as a cheerful emblem of North Carolina's progress: In many ways Jack was emblematic of the transitions North Carolina has gone through in the past fifty years. He came to North Carolina to attend law school at Duke, and he stayed. Jack was involved in most of the state’s political and policy developments from the Sixties on, and was on the leading edge of the movement to take North Carolina from a stagnant one-party state to today’s robust two-party system. Claude Pope, N.C. Republican Party Chairman, issued the following statement after Hawke's passing: The North Carolina Republican Party extends our deepest condolences to Jack’s family and the many friends he made throughout his life. Jack’s tremendous devotion to North Carolina, his sheer political brilliance, and his legendary sense of humor will be sorely missed. Jack was the longest serving chairman in the NCGOP’s history, and he was instrumental in building the party from the ground up. Without Jack’s enormous contributions to the NCGOP over the last several decades, we would not have a Republican Governor and Republican-controlled General Assembly for the first time in more than 100 years. John Hood, President of the John Locke Foundation, shares several anecdotes from Hawke's political career here. Photo credit: Don Carrington, Carolina Journal.
Category: Public Policy
Just in time for Halloween ... When it comes to a free-market economy, Venezuela and Myanmar are the two least free nations in the world, according to the latest rankings from the Canadian-based think tank the Fraser Institute. The Fraser Institute's index of economic freedom, called Economic Freedom of the World, measures the degree to which the policies and institutions of countries are supportive of economic freedom. Five metrics are used: Size of government, the legal system and property rights, sound money, freedom to trade internationally, and regulation. The results for 2013: Hong Kong and Singapore, once again, occupy the top two positions. The other nations in the top ten are New Zealand, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, Mauritius, Finland, Bahrain, Canada, and Australia. The rankings of some other major countries are: United Kingdom (12th), United States (17th), Germany (19th), Japan (33rd), South Korea (33rd), France (40th), Italy (83rd), Mexico (94th), Russia (101st), Brazil (102nd), India (111th), and China (123rd). The ten lowest-rated countries are: Algeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Angola, Chad, Zimbabwe, Republic of Congo, Myanmar, and, in last place, Venezuela. Eight of the countries in the bottom ten are located in Africa. Access a PDF executive summary of the report here, or the full PDF download here.
Dr. Peter Frank, the Free Enterprise Fellow for the Jesse Helms Center and an economics professor at Wingate University, has authored a new report on the consequences of family breakdown in the United States (PDF download here): Researchers from multiple disciplines have investigated the impact of family breakdown on society. The effects on children have garnered attention as research examines the psychological impact of one versus two parent families, the incidence of teenage pregnancy, juvenile crime rates, a drop off in educational attainment, and declining birthrates in advanced industrial countries. Additional research indicates family breakdown has economic consequences in terms of increased poverty which often manifests in significantly lower income for female single-headed households. While both the definition of marriage and family and the economic impact of family breakdown remain fundamental policy issues, two principal questions require further consideration: 1. What constitutes marriage and family, and does it matter how this institutional arrangement is defined for society as a whole? 2. To what extent has government policy contributed to family breakdown, and what is the economic cost of this breakdown?
Oren Cass, Gov. Mitt Romney's domestic-policy advisory during the 2012 presidential campaign, outlines the inherent tension between welfare and work in this article (subscription required) for National Review: By some measures, the War on Poverty has already succeeded. If the goal is simply to guarantee that every American has access to food, providing an average of more than $3,000 of food stamps each year to households in need is a nearly unqualified victory. If the goal is access to medical care, a Medicaid program spending an average of $7,000 each year for a family of three represents extraordinary progress. Indeed, counting the full range of federal benefits as “income” to low-income households leads to a substantial reduction in the poverty rate. But simply transferring enough resources to someone so that he is no longer “poor” treats only the symptom; it does not move him toward self-sufficiency or a foothold at the bottom of an economic ladder that could lead to better opportunities. To the contrary, it hinders that process. Therein lies the paradox at the heart of anti-poverty policy. Every dollar spent to reduce the suffering of an impoverished person reduces the incentive for that person to improve his own condition by earning an income—not only because the need has become less pressing, but also because the system will in fact punish him for any success by taking the dollar away once he earns one of his own. The “handout” is locked in perpetual battle with the “hand up.” One could say, “So what?” Why not just spend the money to ensure everyone’s needs are met, and let work be its own reward? For one, fiscal constraints preclude the possibility of further expanding benefits for the further-expanded pool of beneficiaries that this approach would attract. But even if one were prepared to undertake the taxation and redistribution necessary to implement such a policy, the result would undermine societal values of individual responsibility and self-reliance and impede the upward economic mobility that is possible only for those who enter the work force in the first place. Thus the conservative emphasis on work requirements and other incentives to move people into jobs. And thus the effectiveness of welfare reform in the 1990s, one of the great conservative policy successes of recent decades.
The Clemson Institute for the Study of Capitalism will host two distinguished scholars — Robert P. George and Ron Sider — on Nov. 7 for a discussion and Q&A. The topic: "Was Jesus a socialist?" The event is free and open to the public. George (left) is Professor of Jurisprudence at Princeton University, Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School, and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions. He has been called "America's most influential conservative Christian thinker." Sider (right) is Professor of Theology, Holistic Ministry, and Public Policy at the Palmer Theological Seminary. His book Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger was lauded by Christianity Today as being among the top 100 books on religion in the 20th century. Time: 4:30 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. Place: Self Auditorium in the Strom Thurmond Institute on the Clemson University campus.
Colleges and universities must return to a “classical view” of higher education built on religion, morality, wisdom, and knowledge. That was the argument proffered by Baylor University President Ken Starr during a speech Oct. 3 in Cary, North Carolina. Sponsored by the Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, the talk covered a range of topics. But Starr, an attorney and former federal judge best known for leading investigations surrounding President Bill Clinton in the 1990s, focused on three main steps to revitalize higher education: educating with a rigorous curriculum, educating for wisdom, and educating for freedom. “Higher education needs to be a transformational experience aimed toward the good life, the virtuous life, the wise life,” Starr said. To underscore the need for a more rigorous academic environment, Starr cited statistics showing that today's college students spend an average of 27-hours per week studying outside the classroom, compared to an average of 40-hours per week in the past. Starr also emphasized the importance of students and academics encouraging freedom at home and abroad. One practical way to do that, he said, is by engaging in the free market. “The free market promotes human flourishing in a very practical way,” he said. Peter Hans, Chairman of the UNC Board of Governors, also joined Starr during a panel discussion moderated by Pope Center Director of Research George Leef. Click here to watch a video of the speech and discussion.
RALEIGH, N.C. OCT. 2, 2013 — State Policy Network, a national group that strengthens free-market think tanks in the states, has honored the John William Pope Foundation and other liberty-oriented groups in North Carolina with the second annual Network Award. The Network Award is designed to acknowledge the valuable free-enterprise contributions of state-based groups. David Stover, Board Member of the Pope Foundation and the John Locke Foundation, accepted the award on Sept. 26 at SPN’s annual meeting in Oklahoma City. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ “Nationwide, our liberties are being tested every day, but it’s at the state level that we are seeing a resurgent spirit and steadfast resolve to protect our precious freedoms,” Stover said. “North Carolina is a great example of state think tanks providing innovative public policy leadership and direction.” [nggallery id=spn-award] Representatives from five North Carolina think tanks joined Stover on stage to accept the honor: The John Locke Foundation, the John William Pope Civitas Institute, the N.C. Institute for Constitutional Law, the John William Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, and the N.C. Education Alliance. Tony Woodlief, SPN’s Executive Vice President, presented the Network Award to Stover. “North Carolina reinforces the lessons we’ve seen in Wisconsin and Michigan over the years: Important reforms are possible when principled leaders and investors apply their many talents in cooperation,” Woodlief said. For more information or interviews, contact Dave Riggs or David Bass at 919-861-6445 or email@example.com. ABOUT THE POPE FOUNDATION The John William Pope Foundation, located in Raleigh, North Carolina, works to improve the well-being of the citizens of North Carolina and the nation through the advancement of individual freedom and personal responsibility. From its first grant in 1986 to the present, the Foundation’s giving has totaled over $100 million, primarily to charities and organizations in North Carolina. The Foundation is a private family foundation supported by the late John William Pope Sr. and his wife, Joyce W. Pope, and their children: their late son, John William Pope Jr.; Amanda Pope; and Art Pope. The Pope Foundation receives additional support from the family’s business, Variety Wholesalers Inc., which owns and operates Roses, Maxway, Super 10, and other discount stores, and has its offices and distribution centers in Raleigh and Henderson, North Carolina. ###